There is a huge volume of, and diversity in, contemporary perspectives about the making, prevention, histories, propagandising, meaning(s), and experience of wars in all times and places. This ‘resources’ section is intended only as an indicative sample of the range of material which abounds in both digital and other formats – see also our ‘Mulitmedia’ section.
Della Foxglove & Ruth Keszia Whiteside
‘Reimagining Peace: The Art of Protest’, Website Curators.
‘Keywords/subjects’ are not exhaustive but offered here merely to indicate some of the major content of articles/opinion pieces
ARTICLES & OPINION PIECES:
RICHARD DRAYTON, An ethical blank cheque: British and US Mythology about the second world war ignores our own crimes and legitimises Anglo-American warmaking. [SEXUAL VIOLENCE, RAPE, PATRIOTIC MYTHS, HISTORY OF FASCISM, MEDICAL EXPERIMENTATION, PROPAGANDA AND IMPERIALISM]
BEATRIX CAMPBELL, Why we need a new women’s revolution: In our global economy, patriarchy has been reborn in new ways. Feminists must fight back . [ NEO-LIBERALISM, NEO-PATRIARCHY, MASCULINISM & WAR VIOLENCE, RAPE, WOMEN & CHILDREN AS MAIN VICTIMS OF WARS]
DAVID SWANSON, ‘Public health experts identify militarism as a threat’. [20th CENTURY WARS PROPAGANDA & DEMOGRAPHICS, GENOCIDE, HEALTH THREATS IN/OF WAR, DEFINING MILITARISM, COSTS OF WAR, WAR PREVENTION]
COLIN JENKINS, ‘Coming Home to Roost’, [MILITARISM, MILITARY TRAINING AND DEHUMANISATION, OBJECTIFICATION, COMMODIFICATION, WAR CULTURE, WAR AND CLASS, WHITE SUPREMACY, RACISM, MILITARISED POLICE, POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD), TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI), DEPRESSION , SUICIDE RATES, SEXUAL ABUSE & TORTURE, ‘DOMESTIC MILITARISM’, SPENDING ON WAR, US GUN CULTURE, ‘WAR ON TERROR’]
*highly recommended as a very comprehensive commentary of a spectrum of interrelated issues relating to ‘war culture’
CHRISTINA TWOMEY, ‘Trauma and the reinvigoration of Anzac: an argument’, History Australia, 10:3 (2013), [ TRAUMA AND ‘VICTIMHOOD’ AS KEY THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY REVIVED PERCEPTIONS OF ANZACS, FEMINIST PROTESTS AGAINST WAR AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN 1980s & MISOGYNY]
DAVID STEPHENS, ‘ANZAC Day Anzackery’, Independent Australia, 25 April 2014, [ANZAC DAY HISTORY & MYTHOLOGISING NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, ORIGIN OF TERM ‘ANZACKERY’, EDUCATION OF CHILDREN, ‘PATRIOTIC MYSTICISM’]
DAVID STEPHENS, ‘The children suffer’, Honest History, 11 August 2014 [MILITARISATION AND ‘GROOMING’ OF CHILDREN FOR A CONTINUING WAR CULTURE, ETHICS OF TEACHING CHILDREN ABOUT WAR, EUPHEMISMS AND SENTIMENTALISATION OF WAR, POLITICISATION OF A NON-CRITICAL VIEW OF WAR IN AUSTRALIA]
PAUL DALEY & MIKE BOWERS, ‘Battlefields’, [COMMEMORATION AND WAR TOURISM, ANZAC MYTH-MAKING AND ‘PR’, ‘ARCHAEOLOGY’ OF WAR, DISSOCIATION FROM REALITIES AND EXPERIENCES OF WAR]
PAUL DALEY, 100 Years of ANZAC: beyond memorials what have we really learned? [ ANZAC AS A ‘SECULAR RELIGION’, MYTHS OF THE ‘AUSTRALIAN DIGGER’, NATIONHOOD, ANZAC AND AUSTRALIAN ‘IDENTITY’, ALCOHOLISM, SUICIDE, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, PTSD AND OTHER LESS DISCUSSED CONSEQUENCES OF WAR, WAR MEMORIALS, ALTERNATIVE VIEWS OF ANZAC AND PEACE ORGS/GROUPS]
PETER STANLEY, Do teachers have ‘patriotic’ obligations?’ Address to ACT-NSW History Teachers’ Associations conference, University of Canberra, 9 May 2014,’ [TEACHING AUSTRALIAN WAR & MILITARY HISTORY, PATRIOTISM, CHILDREN’S INVOLVEMENT IN COMMEMORATIONS, PROPAGANDA AND PRIVILEGE IN FOCUS ON ANZAC, LACK OF CRITIQUE ABOUT OPPOSITION TO & REALITIES & IMPACTS OF WAR cf. ‘CONDUCT’ OF WAR, ‘ANZACKERY’]
PETER STANLEY, ‘Militarisation Marches On’, Inside Story, 25 September 2014. [MILITARISATION OF AUSTRALIAN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, GROOMING OF CHILDREN FOR MILITARIST ‘EDUCATION AND SCHOOL CURRICULUMS, POLITICISATION OF AUSTRALIAN ‘HISTORIES’]
KERRY NEALE, ‘Poor devils without noses and jaws‟: facial wounds of the Great War’, Honest History lecture, May 2014. [WAR WOUNDS AND INJURIES, SOCIAL & PERSONAL CONSEQUENCES OF DISABILITY, DISCRIMINATION AND DEHUMANISATION, WEAPONRY, VIOLENCE, VIDEO GAMES ISSUES OF MORALITY AND HUMANITY]
see also Paul DaleY:
EVAN SMITH, ‘ANZAC Day and Protest Culture in Australian History’, [ANTI-FASCISM, WOMEN’S HISTORY AND FEMINIST PROTESTS AGAINST SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND RAPE IN WAR]
DAVID STEPHENS, ‘Should war memorials be built with money from the arms industry?’ [ARMS MANUFACTURERS AND FINANCING FOR WAR MEMORIALS/COMMEMORATIONS, DEFENCE INDUSTRY, ETHICAL AND ‘CORRUPTION’ ISSUES]
AMY WAY, ‘Best We Forget: Excluding Women, Rape and Protest From the ANZAC Myth and Memorial’, [AUSTRALIAN ‘IDENTITY’ AND MASCULINISM ,PROBLEM OF CRITIQUING THE ANZAC MYTH, WOMEN AGAINST RAPE IN WAR AND 1980s PROTESTS, ANTI-ANZAC DAY COLLECTIVE 1984, DERISION OF WOMEN PROTESTORS AND SEXUAL HARRASSMENT]
VIRGINIA WOOLF, ‘Notes Under Fire'(1940) – ‘Virginia Woolf’s Intellectual Call to Arms for Women’), New Republic (republished 2014), [WAR AND WOMEN, GENDER AND MILITARISM, FASCISM, CREATIVITY AND IDEAS, RETHINKING ‘PEACE’]
JOANNA BOURKE, ‘The British Jihadis in Syria might be driven by more than just religion’, [GLAMORISATION AND VALORISATION OF VIOLENCE, MASCULINISM AND WAR AS A ‘RITE OF PASSAGE’, POPULAR CULTURE AND MILITARISM, ‘LANGUAGE OF WAR’ IN GAMING]
BEN MAKUCH, ‘How the Gaza Conflict Is Fuelling Israeli Weapons Sales’, July 30th, 2014, [WAR AND WEAPONS MANUFACTURERS AND ‘BIG BUSINESS’, ‘WEAPONIZIN’G GOVERNMENTS AND ‘FIELD TESTING WEAPONS’]
VICTORIA GRIEVES, ‘Children born of war: a neglected legacy of troops among civilians’, The Conversation, 12 August, 2014. [HUMAN IMPACTS OF WAR – NEW HISTORIES AND ‘COLLATERAL DAMAGE’, CHILDREN BORN FROM CONFLICT, RAPE AND SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS IN WAR, WOMEN AND ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF WAR, US SOLDIERS IN AUSTRALIA, WAR BRIDES AND RACIAL’SEGREGATION’]
ROSALIE TRIOLO, ‘Shell-shocked: Australian teachers, their schools and families after Armistice’, [IMPACT FIRST WORLD WAR ON TEACHERS, SCHOOLS, COMMUNITIES, PSYCHOLOGICAL LEGACY OF WAR ,GRIEF AND LOSS, SHELLSHOCK, DISABILITY, HORROR OF WAR]
SIMON JENKINS, ‘First World War Centenary has become pornography of violence used as propaganda for today’s wars’, [UK POLITICS OF WAR COMMEMORATION AND PROPAGANDISING FOR MILITARISM, ‘INABILITY’ TO LEARN FROM IMPACT OF PAST WARS]
PAUL CANNON, ‘The Characteristics of Fascism and how we might note its presence today?’, [POLITICS AND SOCIETY, DEFINING FASCISM – MEDIA, RELIGION, THE ARTS, CRIME & THE LAW, AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY, ASYLUM SEEKERS]
*a broad ranging and challenging article about elements of contemporary Australian politics
NICK MEGORAN ‘How the UK government is re-branding the First World War to promote militarism today.’ [MILITARISM, RESISTANCE TO WAR AND COMMEMORATING ACTIVISM].
MARGARET MACMILLAN LECTURE – ‘Choice or Accident – the outbreak of the First world War’, Boeing Lecture, May 2014. [NATIONALISM, GLOBALISATION IN 1914, EUGENICS & SOCIAL DARWINISM AND WAR, ‘INEVITABILITY’ OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR, PEACE MOVEMENTS, PACIFISM AND RESISTANCE TO WAR, THE ‘GLAMOUR’ OF WAR, SPECIFIC HISTORY AND POLITICS IN 1914 LEADING TO OUTBREAK OF WAR, CONTEMPORARY SIMILARITIES WITH SOCIO-POLITICAL- GLOBAL CONTEXTS IN 1914 ]
NO GLORY IN WAR 1914-1918 – A very comprehensive UK based website with excellent commentary, critique, resources, links relating to the First World War
WOMENS WEB, WOMEN’S STORIES, WOMEN’S ACTIONS – This is a secular feminist website established to give women a medium to promote the women’s movement, and to document the lives and actions of social justice and environmental activists from Victoria, Australia. See for example: ‘Remembering ANZAC’
HONEST HISTORY – ‘ promotes balanced consideration of Australian history, by making contesting, evidence-based interpretations available to students, teachers, universities, journalists and the public. We challenge the misuse of history in the service of political or other agendas. Contains some excellent analysis of contemporary politics regarding the nature of WW1 commemorations in Australian society.’
PEACE PLEDGE UNION (PPU) – ‘The Peace Pledge Union is the oldest secular pacifist organisation in Britain. Since 1934 it has been campaigning for a warless world. From anti-bombing campaigns during WW2 to protest at the remote controlled military drone assassinations of today. from the militarisation of Armistice Day in the 30s to the militarisation of society today’.
WOMEN’S INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM (WILPF) AUSTRALIA – In ‘1915 Congress of Women at The Hague sets up the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace. In Australia, the Sisterhood of International Peace and the Women’s Peace Army campaign against conscription for overseas service. iN 1919 Zurich Congress adopts name: Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and Sisterhood of International Peace becomes its Australian Section. WILPF remonstrates with the victorious Powers, says the Versailles Treaty will create discords leading to future war. WILPF CELEBRATES ITS CENTENARY IN 1915.
See for example one of WILPF projects/campaigns on ‘Killer Robots’ Which raises a spectrum of ethical and other questions about the potential uses of ‘fully autonomous weapons’ as opposed to humanly controlled drones.
PEACE MOVEMENT AOTEAROA – ‘the national networking peace organisation in Aotearoa New Zealand, for people who are interested in peace, social justice and human rights’.
INDEPENDENT AND PEACEFUL AUSTRALIA NETWORK (IPAN) – ‘The Independent and Peaceful Australia Network believe there is a need to acknowledge the root causes of war with a view to the prevention of future wars.’
MEDICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE PREVENTION OF WAR – AUSTRALIA (MAPWA) – ‘works for the elimination of all weapons of mass destruction and the prevention of armed conflict. We promote peace through research, advocacy, peace education and partnerships.’
EREMOS – COALITION OF CHRISTIAN PEACEMAKERS – “The Centenary website describes World War I as defining Australia as a people and as a nation. Gallipoli taught us that war doesn’t bring true peace. “Sadly, we feel that in recent years ANZAC is increasingly being used to promote nationalism and militaristic war. We question this momentum.”
A CHORUS OF WOMEN – ‘A PASSION FOR PEACE’ – ‘ is a big new work for 100 – 200 singers A Chorus of Women is preparing for performance in April 2015. This community oratorio will commemorate the anniversary of the International Women’s Congress which gathered in The Hague in April 1915. More than 1300 women from neutral countries and nations on both sides of the war came together to find a way to end the war and build sustainable peace. A century after this event which has mostly been erased from history, this work will celebrate the spirit of women and will communicate a hopeful vision of humanity’s heritage and potential.’
GALLIPOLI CENTENARY PEACE CAMPAIGN (GCPC) – ‘does not believe that Australia as a nation was born in war. We honour and respect all Australians who have died and suffered in war, both overseas and in Australia’s frontier wars, and respect the contribution and suffering of their families and loved ones. We also honour and respect all those who have pursued the path of non-violent resolution of national and international conflicts.’
ARMING ALL SIDES -‘ conducted research into the arms trade before, during and after the First World War. The project aimed to compare and contrast the arms trade at the time with it now, in the run up to the First World War Centenary commemorations.’
ANOTHER POSTER FOR PEACE – a website with multiple antiwar and ‘peace’ posters free to download.
LEGACIES OF WAR, UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS – The overarching theme of the War and Resistance strand is ‘telling different war stories’ and the primary interest is in uncovering and presenting the stories of those who resisted the war in various ways. This extends beyond explorations of pacifism and conscientious objectors, to those who resisted the war for political reasons, for example. War and Resistance will link with the areas of War and Medicine, through non-combatant personnel in the war, and to Culture and the Arts, through exploring war resistance in art.
COUNTERING THE MILITARISATION OF YOUTH – project seeks to identify and challenge the many ways in which young people around the world are encouraged to accept the military and military values as normal, and worthy of their uncritical support. Militarisation is a process which goes far beyond overt recruitment. It includes the presence and influence of the armed forces in education, public military events such as parades, and military-themed video games.
THE WORLD IS MY COUNTRY – the history and stories of the people and organisations that opposed the First World War conflict, and took action to stop it.